triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole derivatives as new therapeutic candidates
Regarding the important role of the urease enzyme as a virulence factor in urease-positive microorganisms in this study, new series of [1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole derivatives were designed and synthesized. All compounds evaluated against urease enzyme exhibiting IC50 values of 0.87 ± 0.09 to 8.32 ± 1.21 µM as compared with thiourea as the positive control (IC50 = 22.54 ± 2.34 µM). The kinetic evaluations of 6a as the most potent derivative recorded a competitive type of inhibition. Molecular dynamic simulations of the 6a derivative were also conducted, showing that 6a occupied the active site with closed state. Antimicrobial activities of all derivatives were performed, and 6f (R = 3-Cl), 6g (R = 4-Cl), and 6h (R = 3,4-diCl) analogs demonstrated significant antifungal activities with MIC values of 1, 2, and 0.5 µg/mL compared with fluconazole with MIC = 2 µg/mL. Synthesized analogs also exhibited potent urease inhibitory activities against C. neoformans (IC50 = 83.7-118.7 µg/mL) and P. mirabilis (IC50 = 74.5-113.7 µg/mL), confirming their urease inhibitory potential. The results demonstrated that the designed scaffold could be considered a suitable pharmacophore to develop potent urease inhibitors.
Khalili Ghomi, M., Noori, M., Nazari Montazer, M., (...), Iraji, A., Mahdavi, M.